The Joggins Fossil Cliffs

Overlooking Nova Scotia’s spectacular Bay of Fundy, the Joggins Fossil Cliffs are a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The beach at Joggins showing the fossil cliffs at low tide

These magnificent layers of rock — 15 km (9.3 mi) of traversable coastal cliffs — reveal the world’s most complete fossil record of the Coal Age (300 million years ago), when lush forests covered Joggins and much of the world's tropics.

Explore the magnificent Joggins Fossil Cliffs with our interpretive staff. Only with a guided tour will the Cliffs reveal rare fossils from the Coal Age — that marvelous chapter of earth’s history written 300 million years ago.

The swamp forests produced massive quantities of organic matter that, over millions of years, created the coal deposits for which this period of history is named.

Students examining a fossil display at the Joggins Fossil Institute in Joggins, Nova Scotia, Canada


A group of students looking at an exposed fossil tree stump in the cliffs
A group of students looking at an exposed fossil tree stump in the cliffs

The Fossil Cliffs at Joggins, Nova Scotia, are of outstanding universal value. They contain an unrivalled fossil record preserved in its environmental context, which represents the finest example in the world of the terrestrial tropical environment and ecosystems of the Pennsylvanian Coal Age of the Earth’s history.

The Joggins Fossil Centre

The Joggins Fossil Centre is situated on the reclaimed site of the Old Joggins No. 7 Coal Mine overlooking the Joggins Fossil Cliffs. The Centre provides an exceptional learning experience, featuring an extensive fossil specimen collection, exhibits, and displays depicting

  • the rich geological history of the Joggins Cliffs
  • the history of scientific discovery at Joggins
  • the history of coal mining that shaped the local community.

Support the Joggins Fossil Institute

To make a donation to the Joggins Fossil Institute, to help us conserve and promote the Joggins Fossil Cliffs World Heritage Site, please email Jordan LeBlanc, Director of Operations.

Published: 2016-05-02.